Optimum Internal Design Precision Bearings

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Optimum Internal Design Precision Bearings with hydrostatic bearings is presented. In this model the whole system is divided into subsystems. Each of these subsystems is modelled in order to obtain an optimization considering the global criteria of the system. A four-stage multicriterion optimization strategy is applied to solve the problem. On the basis of this strategy, which has a heuristic character, a computer aided optimum design software package for spindle systems for grinding and lathe machine tools is developed. 


The optimization problem is formulated with a view to maximizing the load-carrying capacity of hydrostatic journal bearings. Equations governing the performance of multi-recess hydrostatic journal bearings are summarized. Practical design limits and operational constraints are also defined. The optimization process is based on the well known method. Results illustrating the effect of area ratio, axial land width and circumferential land width on load capacity, flow rate and power ration are reported. In conclusion precision bearings with small clearances and low pressure ratios are recommended for applications involving low supply pressures, while bearings with large clearances and pressure ratios close to 0.5 are recommended for applications involving high supply pressures.